06.04.13 Truth & Wisdom

Why the Presence of Black Women in Media is Important for Everyone

Why the Presence of Black Women in Media is Important for Everyone

BY Ramou Sarr

Just two weeks ago, I handed in my thesis- the very last step in completing my Master’s degree. My research was on the relationship between the representation of black women in the media and black women’s self-esteem, and I used the brilliant, hilarious, and revolutionary web series, The Misadventures of Awkward Black Girl and its protagonist, J, as the control in which to examine this relationship. Nina Simone songs inspired the title of my thesis and nearly all of the headings. It was black, y’all. Blacker than black y’all. And while there were times that I was incredibly inspired and psyched to be doing the work that I was doing, in the midst of the all-nighters, eating ravioli from a can over the sink at 2 a.m., and drinking cold coffee from a French press after watching Saturday Night Live, I often found myself wondering, “What in the actual hell is the point of this?”

Throughout the process, I continually tried to articulate why my research was important as clearly and succinctly as I could. Last fall, I interviewed the creator of Awkward Black Girl, Issa Rae, and asked her why she believed that representation of black women in television was important. I quickly realized that I was asking not just to get the perspective of someone so closely connected to the topic, but because I really wanted someone to tell me. When you’re a black woman who writes and speaks about race and issues surrounding race as much as I do, you come to expect to be challenged on anything you say, and come prepared with an arsenal of bullet-pointed evidence pointing to why your points should be taken seriously. This constant pull to validate your experiences and your existence lends itself to some crippling episodes of self-doubt; you begin to wonder if maybe you are being too sensitive, and if maybe this isn’t as big of a deal as you’re making it out to be. In the end, however, it became clear that the difficulty I was having in pinpointing the importance of representation was because it was so, so simple.

We often talk about television as a basic means of entertainment and escapism, but the cultural significance of television is about so much more than that. Unless you somehow managed to completely avoid the Internet following this week’s Game of Thrones, you saw the incredible impact that the latest episode had on its viewers. I couldn’t scroll through any of my social media feeds without seeing a number of exclamation point-filled and ALL CAPS reactions to it. I don’t even watch Game of Thrones, and I watched that reaction shot video that was circulated Monday. I didn’t even know what any of these people were reacting to, and yet I still needed to watch; I still wanted to be included somehow. That’s the power of television.

This communal aspect of television is layered, and perhaps the most significant facet of it is the idea that television often acts as an agent of socialization, offering us a glimpse into how we are both different and alike, and informs how we view and interact with one another. Television also has the power to impact how we view ourselves and, by seeing portrayals of people like us on television, tells us how society views us. Children’s shows often have lessons and exercises about diversity and inclusion because most of us want children to know about these things, and yet this portrayal of the world as a diverse and inclusive one is sorely lacking in the current state of television catered to adults.

A television world filled with white leading ladies, and the occasional sassy black sidekick, isn’t real. Of course, it’s television. It’s not supposed to be real. But haven’t you taken a Which Sex & The City Character Are You? quiz on Facebook while you were avoiding your actual responsibilities? Haven’t you maybe even taken it twice because you know that you’re clearly more of a Miranda than a Charlotte? We want to feel this connection to our favorite television characters, we want to feel as though our stories are valid, and we don’t want to have to hide in our offices because Sheree went buck on last night’s Real Housewives and, Oh God, is my white co-worker going to try to talk to me about it?

First, let me say that there is nothing wrong with going buck every once in awhile. Sometimes things are ridiculous and you need to act accordingly. The issue, however, is when these examples of black women make up a majority of white peoples’ exposure to us. We know that we’re not monolithic and that black women are multifaceted, with just as many characters among us as we see portrayed in white women on television. The worry is that not everyone knows that. What’s problematic is when the few representations of black women on television portray us in a way in which we become the butt of the joke.

In terms of relatability, black women can, of course, establish connections with white television characters, and they do. I’m almost mortified by how much I related to Hannah on last season’s Girls and I will forever and always embrace the Angela Chase inside of me. The ultimate sense of validation that came with Awkward Black Girl, however, was the ability to connect with a character on another level, one that doesn’t embarrass us, and one that so many of us had almost given up on seeing represented in the media. A black woman dealing with natural hair issues! A black woman navigating interracial dating! A black woman’s healthy, positive relationship with her best friend! A black woman who awkwardly interacts with her co-workers in the hallway! All things that had been nearly absent on television since the disappearing act of the racially diverse shows of the ‘90s.

The fact that Awkward Black Girl is a web series brings with it a sense of hope, as well as a rather bleak outlook on the state of representation on television. It’s great that Issa Rae was able to create a piece of media that so many black women relate to and that has catapulted her into an empire. Since the success of Awkward Black Girl, Issa has collaborated on several other web series and is currently working on a network show with television powerhouse Shonda Rhimes.

The representation of black women in new media is also a testament to the resiliency of black women. The medium of television abandoned us, and instead of simply accepting this, we created our own communities in which we are represented and where are stories are valid. And yet despite this triumph, the outlook of the representation of black women on television continues to be disappointing, and it’s easy to believe that our space in television has already been delegated for us. The self-doubt creeps in again. We have this space on the Internet, are we being selfish by demanding we be represented on television too?

I’ve decided to simply be done wavering on where I stand on this. Representation of black women on television is important because black women are important. It is as simple as that.

Ramou Sarr is just as passionate about critical race theory as she is about Lindsay Lohan’s mental health. She is equal parts Midwestern and Bostonian. When she’s not plotting how to get Kanye West to marry her, she can be found awkwardly taking the long way to the bathroom to avoid saying hello to coworkers. Or on twitter and tumblr.


  • anonymous

    This. Love this.

  • sar

    this applies to a lot of races, as well. as a girl of indian descent, i can tell you that essentially EVERYTHING out there in american television stereotypes us. being indian always has to be a defining feature. we can’t just be characters.

    • kjrobot

      It applies to TV in general. Especially sitcoms. But it is definitely worse with minority groups in the U.S media. And it has gotten worse since the 90’s, not better. There used to be the Cosby show and Murphy Brown etc.. all on the big networks and now there’s Two and a half Men et al. The wife is often a fun-stopping shrew and the minorities hardly exist.
      It is only really good TV that is better at diversity or characters that aren’t stereotypes. Like those on HBO or AMC. But even then, where are people of color?

  • Lois

    I have just written my final paper on the representation of Black women in literature and have just read this article now! Brilliant, love it! succinctly expresses the importance of creating space for real Black women across all arts.

  • Abby

    Great article!!! I am an african american woman and I appreciate how we have created our own avenues of representation. Hopefully, TV execs start to get it! There needs to be less stereotypical roles for other races as well (Indian, Hispanic, Asian, mixed ethnicities, etc.) Let’s keep the conversation going . . .

  • Martin Garrod

    Considering you have just handed in your Masters thesis it is disappointing that you don’t yet understand what a control is. A control, in this context, would be a group of black women who have no access to media, so that their self-esteem was not affected by perceptions of black people in the media. You may have used The Misadventures of Awkward Black Girl as a data set, but if that was your control your thesis is toilet paper.
    And, your point about the so-called power of television is incredibly naive. You are aware that less than one per cent of people connect to social media, aren’t you? There are seven billion people in the world and about eighty thousand of them are on Twitter. It’s a hobby for nerds who have nothing else to do, which means that evidence based on it is as culturally and socially relevant as using astronauts to examine dieting habits.
    You also don’t seem to appreciate that every character in a TV sitcom is a stereotype, not just the black ones. That girl with a pony tail and glasses; she’s going to be incredibly beautiful when she takes her glasses off. That guy in jeans and a check shirt; he’s a redneck. That annoying man in polyster pants that are two inches too short; he’s a cornballer. TV is all about stereotypes, that’s how people relate to it. Without stereotypes everything would have to be Tolstoy’s War and Peace while we develop characters and allow them to “grow” and “mature” into their roles. In a half-hour slice TV uses stereotypes to get instantly into who the character is. Without stereotypes TV would be nothing but game shows, 3-hour dramas and adverts.

  • Rachael

    I thought this was a really beautiful and well written article. However, I wish there was more campaigning for ethnic minorities as a whole. I, for example, am of Indian ethnicity, and despite how happy I am to see Mindy Kaling with her own TV show, I would love to see more Indians on TV that aren’t being used as a joke. I would also love to see more of other ethnicities (black, mixed race, other Asians, hispanic), on TV. It’s time we all band together to represent the global community on TV, film, and literature, and for future generations to be inspired.

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